US Electromagnetic Weapons and

Human Rights

By Peter Phillips, Lew Brown and Bridget Thornton

A Study of the History of the US Intelligence Community Human

Rights Violations and Continuing Research in Electromagnetic


Completed December 2006

Sonoma State University

Project Censored

Media Freedom Foundation

Page 2

Table of Contents


Research Statement


American Ruling Class




Global Dominance


Psychological War


Telsa and EMF




Illegal Experimentation


The Scientists


Exposure of MKULTRA


EMF Weapons Research


Project Sheriff


Pulsed Energy Projectiles


Directed Acoustics


Neurological Technology




Expert Interviews:


Vladimir Lopatin


Carol Smith


Dean Radin


Nick Begich


DOD Military Contractors


Human Rights and EMF Testing


Directed Energy Prof. Society


Human Rights and Cognitive Liberty


Total Surveillance






US Electromagnetic Weapons and Human Rights

By Peter Phillips, Lew Brown and Bridget Thornton

Page 3

This research explores the current capabilities of the US military to use electromagnetic

(EMF) devices to harass, intimidate, and kill individuals and the continuing possibilities

of violations of human rights by the testing and deployment of these weapons. To

establish historical precedent in the US for such acts, we document long-term human

rights and freedom of thought violations by US military/intelligence organizations.

Additionally, we explore contemporary evidence of on-going government research in

EMF weapons technologies and examine the potentialities of continuing human rights


In the 1950s and 60s the CIA began work to find means for influencing human cognition,

emotion and behavior. Through the use of the psychological understanding of the human

being as a social animal and the ability to manipulate a subject’s environment through

isolation, drugs and hypnosis, US funded scientists have long searched for better means

of controlling human behavior. This research has included the use of wireless directed

electromagnetic energy under the heading of “Information Warfare” and “Non Lethal

Weapons.” New technological capabilities have been developed in black budget projects

over the last few decades— including the ability to influence human emotion, disrupt

thought, and present excruciating pain through the manipulation of magnetic fields. The

US military and intelligence agencies have at their disposal frightful new weapons,

weapons that have likely already been covertly used and/or tested on humans, both here

and abroad, and which could be directed against the public in the event of mass protests

or civil disturbance.

Human Rights belong to people collectively. To believe in rights for some and not others

is a denial of the humanness of people worldwide. Yet, denial is exactly what Congress

and George W. Bush did with the signing of the Military Commission Act of 2006. The

new official US policy is that torture and suspension of due process are acceptable for

anyone the president deems to be a terrorist or supporter. This act is the overt denial of

the inalienable rights of human beings propagated in our Declaration of Independence

and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. More so, US actions declared to the

world that the US suspends human rights for those it believes are evil.

The precious words, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created

equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among

these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness,” did not declare that only some men

(and women) possess unalienable rights. Our independence was founded on the

understanding that all men and women are recognized by this nation as having innate

rights derived by their humanity.

Likewise, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, created by the United Nations in

1948, signed and ratified by the US Congress, specifies in its preamble that “recognition

of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the

human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world.”

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights has been a guide for international law for

most of six decades, and as such binds the United States to its general principles. Article

Page 4

10 states that “everyone is entitled to full equality, to a fair and public hearing by an

independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and

of any criminal charge against him,” and Article 5 specifically prohibits torture or cruel,

inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Both of these basic human rights have

been superceded by the passage the of Military Commissions Act of 2006.

Additionally, the Universal Declaration of Human rights declares that everyone has the

right to freedom of thought and freedom of expression and opinion. This means that

humans have the inalienable right to be able to freely think their own thoughts and

discover their own truths. This paper addresses this most fundamental human right and

explores the pending threats to individual freedom of thought posed by new EMF

weapons technologies.

Freedom of thought or cognitive liberty is the natural human right of each person to be

secure in their ability to perceive the world to the best of their ability. To have true

cognitive liberty in a world as complex as ours would mean that first we must have

access to truthful and unbiased information about the actions of others and the general

state of the world. The Center for Cognitive Liberties defines this as “the right of each

individual to think independently and autonomously, to use the full spectrum of his or her

mind, and to engage in multiple modes of thought.” Without accurate representations we

cannot make independently informed choices. It is imperative that the human body and

mind be considered sacrosanct. To invade a person’s body without their consent is an

egregious human rights crime.

The circumstance may soon arrive in which anti-war or human rights protesters suddenly

feel a burning sensation akin to touching a hot skillet over their entire body.

Simultaneously they may hear terrifying nauseating screaming, which while not produced

externally, fills their brains with overwhelming disruption. Not only are both phenomena

currently possible, but designs for more powerful EMF technologies receive continuous

funding from the US Government.

We are in a time of extremism, permanent war, and the unilateral manifestation of

ethnocentrism and power by a cabal of people in the US government. These power elites

have been in operation for decades and are set on nothing less than the total US military

domination of the world. They defy the foundational values of the American people to

achieve their ends. This is not a new phenomenon. The repression of human rights has

been present within the US Government throughout our history.

A long thread of sociological research documents the existence of a dominant ruling class

in the US that sets policy and determines national political priorities. The American

ruling class is complex and inter-competitive, maintaining itself through interacting

families of high social standing with similar life styles, corporate affiliations, and

memberships in elite social clubs and private schools.

This American ruling class is self-perpetuating, maintaining its influence through policy-

making institutions such as the National Manufacturing Association, National Chamber

Page 5

of Commerce, Business Council, Business Roundtable, Conference Board, American

Enterprise Institute, Council on Foreign Relations and other business-centered policy

groups. C. Wright Mills, in his 1956 book The Power Elite, documents how World War

II solidified a trinity of power in the US, comprised of corporate, military and

government elites in a centralized power structure motivated by class interests and

working in unison through "higher circles" of contact and agreement. Mills described

how the power elite were those “who decide whatever is decided” of major consequence.

With the advent of the military-industrial complex after World War II, President

Eisenhower observed that an internal military industrial power faction was consolidating

their long-term plans for the domination of America and, eventually, the world.

Eisenhower was in no position to fight these men, and history records his feelings on the

subject with the text of his short farewell address:

“….But threats, new in kind or degree, constantly arise. Of these, I

mention two only…

…This conjunction of an immense military establishment and a large arms

industry is new in the American experience. The total influence –

economic, political, even spiritual – is felt in every city, every Statehouse,

every office of the Federal government. We recognize the imperative need

for this development. Yet, we must not fail to comprehend its grave

implications. Our toil, resources and livelihood are all involved; so is the

very structure of our society.

In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of

unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-

industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced

power exists and will persist.

We must never let the weight of this combination endanger our liberties or

democratic processes. We should take nothing for granted. Only an alert

and knowledgeable citizenry can compel the proper meshing of the huge

industrial and military machinery of defense with our peaceful methods

and goals, so that security and liberty may prosper together.

Akin to, and largely responsible for the sweeping changes in our

industrial-military posture, has been the technological revolution during

recent decades.

In this revolution, research has become central; it also becomes more

formalized, complex, and costly. A steadily increasing share is conducted

for, by, or at the direction of, the Federal government.”

We now understand that Eisenhower was referring to the conjunction of redirected tax

monies to research secret new technology aimed at nothing less than increasing the

Page 6

controlling power of the military industrial elite to a global scale.

One particular faction of ambitious men, the former cold warriors and emerging neo-

conservatives, were close followers of philosopher Leo Strauss. This elite group included

not just generals and industrialists but philosophers, scientists, academics, and politicians

have now become the most powerful public-private war organization ever known.

Strauss espoused an elitist philosophy that fawned over the characteristics of those who

inherited wealth and lived lives of leisure to pursue whatever their interests may be. His

ideas have been transformed into a cogent ideology in which the media, religion, and

government are used to subdue the masses while the real “nobles” follow their own will

without regard to the laws designed to control lesser men. Strauss was likewise fond of

secrecy, as a necessity for control, because if the lesser men found out what was being

done to them they would no doubt be upset.

“The people will not be happy to learn that there is only one natural right – the right of

the superior to rule over the inferior, the master over the slave, the husband over the wife,

and the wise few over the vulgar many.” In On Tyranny, Strauss refers to this natural

right as the “tyrannical teaching” of his beloved ancients.

Leo Strauss, Albert Wohlstetter, and others at the University of Chicago’s Committee on

Social Thought receive wide credit for promoting the neo-conservative agenda through

their students, Paul Wolfowitz, Allan Bloom, and Bloom's student Richard Perle.

Canadian cultural review magazine Adbusters, defines neo-conservatism as, "The belief

that Democracy, however flawed, was best defended by an ignorant public pumped on

nationalism and religion. Only a militantly nationalist state could deter human aggression

…such nationalism requires an external threat and if one cannot be found it must be


The neo-conservative philosophy emerged as a reaction to the 1960s era of social

revolutions. Numerous officials and associates in the Reagan and George H.W. Bush

presidencies were strongly influenced by the neo-conservative philosophy including:

John Ashcroft, Charles Fairbanks, Richard Cheney, Kenneth Adelman, Elliot Abrams,

William Kristol and Douglas Feith.

Within the Ford administration there was a split between Cold War traditionalists seeking

to minimize confrontations through diplomacy and detente and neo-conservatives

advocating stronger confrontations with the Soviet’s "Evil Empire." The latter group

became more entrenched when George H.W. Bush became CIA Director. Bush allowed

the formation of "Team B" headed by Richard Pipes along with Paul Wolfowitz, Lewis

Libby, Paul Nitze and others, who formed the second Committee on the Present Danger

to raise awareness of the Soviet threat and the continuing need for a strong aggressive

defense policy. Their efforts led to strong anti-Soviet positioning during the Reagan


Page 7

The Committees on the Present Danger (CPD) extend from the 1950s Russian threat to

the present. The current CPD proudly boasts on their website;

“In times of great challenge to the security of the United States,

Republicans, Democrats, and Independents have traditionally joined to

make an assertive defense of American interests.

Twice before in American history, The Committee on the Present

Danger has risen to this challenge. It emerged in 1950 as a bipartisan

education and advocacy organization dedicated to building a national

consensus for a strong defense against Soviet expansionism. In 1976,

the Committee on the Present Danger reemerged, with leadership from

the labor movement, bipartisan representatives of the foreign policy

community and academia, all of whom were concerned about strategic

drift in US security policy. With victory in the Cold War, the mission

of the Committee on the Present Danger was considered complete and

consequently was deactivated.

Today, the current CPD promotes radical Islamists as the primary

threat to the American people and millions of others who prize liberty.

They claim that the threat is global. They also claim that they operate

from cells in a number of countries. Rogue regimes seek power by

making common cause with terrorist groups. The prospect that this

deadly collusion may include weapons of mass murder was the

justification for the invasion of Iraq.”

Journalist John Pilger recalls his interview with neo-conservative Richard Perle during

the Reagan administration: “I interviewed Perle when he was advising Reagan; and when

he spoke about 'total war,' I mistakenly dismissed him as mad. He recently used the term

again in describing America's 'war on terror', “No stages, This is total war. We are

fighting a variety of enemies. There are lots of them out there. All this talk about first we

are going to do Afghanistan, then we will do Iraq . . . this is entirely the wrong way to go

about it. If we just let our vision of the world go forth, and we embrace it entirely and we

don't try to piece together clever diplomacy, but just wage a total war . . . our children

will sing great songs about us years from now.”

There is ample evidence available to show that some individuals within government and

industry have little problem with violating the public trust and using their positions to

kill, maim, torture and destroy. It is of the utmost importance to our traditional American

values of human rights and cognitive liberty that we recognize this threat from within.

We must move to identify those who show these proclivities and ensure that their

activities have adequate oversight.

Stanley Milgram's famous experiment involving obedience to authority proved that

individuals are fairly easily cowed into submitting to anyone who has a claim of

authority, and that on average 61 percent of people will administer pain to another person

if instructed to do so. Both test groups in these experiments rationalized their behavior by

Page 8

appealing to “the greater good.” Because it was for the “advancement of science” they

were able to be convinced they should ignore personal judgment and obey the

instructions given to them by the experimenters.

Martin Orne, who was one of those paid by the CIA to conduct experiments on

obedience, showed in 1962 that people would go to tremendous lengths to please a

person in authority. Orne conducted research that involved presenting subjects with a

stack of 2,000 pages of random numbers and instructing them to add each two adjacent

numbers until he returned. Over 90 percent of the test subjects continued in this

meaningless task for up to five hours.

Today the combination of political climate and technological capability presents a

condition in which widespread manipulation of, not only the flow of information through

the media, but also the manipulation of the emotional states and cognitive ability in large

populations could be achieved. If policy elites are unaccountable to the public for their

actions, and the public has been emotionally manipulated to support them, we can assume

that they will certainly abuse their positions in the pursuit of their agendas.

Previous human rights and cognitive liberty violations are evidenced in CIA and FBI

records pertaining to the infamous MK-ULTRA project and the grim record of

harassment and subversion uncovered in the COINTELPRO program in force through the

1950s and into the 1970s. We also examined some of the cases of illegal experimentation

on the public dating back to the 1930s. We consider, in depth, the forms of

electromagnetic weapons entering the battlefield today that trace their origins back

through the secret projects of the Defense Department in the 1950s and 1960s.

Psychological Warfare, Information War, and mind control may seem to be exotic topics,

but the impact of these technologies and techniques is profound. Our minds are being

impacted through a longstanding series of programs aimed at manipulating public

opinion through intelligence agencies, think tanks, corporate media and a host of non-

governmental organizations designed to engender fear, division and uncertainty in the

public. Media manipulation involving the artificial framing of our collective reality is

often a hit or miss proposition, but psychological operations have been carried out in the

past, and are being carried out even today, through the practices of “Information

Warfare,” directed at enemies abroad and at the American people.

According to Mary C. FitzGerald of the Hudson Institute, New-concept weapons, such as

laser, electromagnetic, plasma, climatic, genetic and biotechnological are the central

principle driving the modernization of national defense. The potential for these weapons

to be used for both good and bad deserves a great deal of attention, but there is little to be

found in the media or discussed by our administration.

The US is a system of many institutions including those whose sole function is to provide

government oversight. When problems arise that threaten the stability of the country or

the safety of the people, the US government is designed to have checks and balances that

allow the people to challenge misconduct either directly or through congressional

Page 9

representatives. Increasingly, oversight is disintegrating. According to a 2006 report in

the Boston Globe, the intelligence committee does not read most intelligence reports in

their entirety.

The media is complicit in omitting information necessary to make democratic decisions.

A global dominance agenda includes penetration into the boardrooms of the corporate

media in the US. A research team at Sonoma State University recently finished

conducting a network analysis of the boards of directors of the ten big media

organizations in the US. The team determined that only 118 people comprise the

membership on the boards of director of the ten big media giants. These 118 individuals

in turn sit on the corporate boards of 288 national and international corporations. Four of

the top 10 media corporations in the US have DOD contractors on their boards of

directors including:

William Kennard: New York Times, Carlyle Group

Douglas Warner III, GE (NBC), Bechtel

John Bryson: Disney (ABC), Boeing

Alwyn Lewis: Disney (ABC), Halliburton

Douglas McCorkindale: Gannett, Lockheed-Martin

Given an interlocked media network, big media in the US effectively represent corporate

America’s interests. The media elite, a key component of policy elites in the US, are the

watchdogs of acceptable ideological messages, the controllers of news and information

content, and the decision makers regarding media resources

It is not suggested that everyone in the government believes in global domination, nor

that it is the intent of every government official to ‘cover up’ misconduct. Scientists

involved in potentially harmful technology are not ‘mad scientists.’ In fact, there are

many reports in the public sphere addressing government and military misconduct that

are put forth by people within these very institutions. The problem is when the

government threatens whistleblowers, intimidates officials with job loss, infiltrates

activist organizations, and increases surveillance.


Modern Psychological Operations (Psy-Ops) were significantly advanced in the Second

World War and were brought to bear on the American public during the 1950s with the

formation of a widespread network of social scientists, journalists, politicians, military

specialists and intelligence operatives. Psy-Ops were used to promote a variety of

programs in cooperation with the Industrial Military Complex. Their key piece of

information warfare was the Communist Red Menace.

One of the opening salvos in this war of deception was fired by George Kennan, the

American ambassador to Moscow, describing the Soviet threat in a “long cable” sent to

Washington in 1946. Kennan spent decades studying the Russian political scene. He

became convinced that there would be little chance of cooperation with the Soviets and

Page 10

recommended a number of actions, most notably the institution of “political war” through

the newly formed CIA - a decision he later regretted, even arguing for the elimination of

the CIA in 1997.

In the late 1950s, a right-wing cadre of men within the new CIA was busy building secret

armies, planning assassinations, and generally devising plans for world domination that

still play out today. Operation Gladio was one example, well documented and

international in scope, in which right-wing members of the US intelligence community

created “stay-behind” armies in many of the nations of Europe. Those armies managed to

infiltrate the highest levels of politics (most notably in Italy where the term “Gladio”

refers to a double edged sword) and have been held responsible for numerous false-flag

terrorist acts through the 1980s and 1990s. Terror and propaganda often go hand-in-hand

in the extremist elements within our military and intelligence communities.

To counter the divisions within the intelligence community, a greater voice was given to

organizations formal and informal. In the 1950s, one such group, the first Committee on

the Present Danger (CPD), promulgated a series of “gap crises.” The Bomber Gap, the

Missile Gap, the Space Gap, and the Brainwashing and Psychotronic Gap were used to

justify increased military technology spending. Congress was led to believe that the

Soviets were a much greater threat than they actually were, and that a terrifying new

weapon was being developed that threatened America. They were thus convinced to vote

for virtually any black budget proposal that came their way. The CPD ran a series of

broadcasts to the public through the Mutual Broadcasting Network that spread fear in the

minds of the public.

Under the first civilian CIA Director, Allen Welsh Dulles, the Company began to push

forward with its agenda of manufacturing consent from the American people for a new

state of perpetual war industrialization. Dulles was a well-connected individual, a

successful spy for the OSS in Switzerland during the war, related to three secretaries of

state, and the chief advisor to Dewey when he ran for President in 1948. Dulles had

access to the highest echelons of policy making and his influence was global in scope,

counting among his close friends Henry Luce, publisher of Newsweek. Relying heavily

upon established circles of contacts within the nation’s media elites, Dulles recruited key

members of the media to work directly for the CIA under Operation Mockingbird.

Mockingbird was a psychological information campaign against the American people. In

a campaign that would lead to acceptance of blanket secrecy for “national security”, “the

Red Scare” became the excuse for spending vast sums of money on weapon systems and

an increase in covert operations both in foreign countries and within the United States. In

the 1950s and 1960s, movies, news articles, books, radio and television programs were

carefully laced with anti-communist messages and images designed to produce an

acceptance of the policies being promoted by the defense elite’s propaganda machine.

“Among the executives who lent their cooperation to the Agency were

William Paley of the Columbia Broadcasting System, Henry Luce of

Time Inc., Arthur Hays Sulzberger of the New York Times, Barry

Bingham Sr. of the Louisville Courier-Journal and James Copley of

Page 11

the Copley News Service. Other organizations which cooperated with

the CIA include the American Broadcasting Company, the National

Broadcasting Company, the Associated Press, United Press

International, Reuters, Hearst Newspapers, Scripps-Howard,

Newsweek magazine, the Mutual Broadcasting System, The Miami

Herald, and the old Saturday Evening Post and New York Herald-

Tribune. By far the most valuable of these associations, according to

CIA officials, have been with The New York Times, CBS, and Time


One of the engineers of this deception was a former head of the stay-behind network,

Edward W. Barrett, director of the Interdepartmental Psychological Strategy Board

(IPSB) and, not coincidentally an editor at Newsweek. Barrett was seen as being very

effective in his efforts to manipulate public opinion. At the same time, CPD was a “non-

political group of citizens of the western coast” and launched a media campaign in favor

of the urgent reinforcement of the national defense. Among the organizers of the

Committee were Frank Altschul (Director of the Council for Foreign Relations), William

Donovan (former head of the OSS during WWII) and General Dwight D. Eisenhower.

All of this activity was more than enough to stoke the fears of the public and encourage

policy makers to accept the Cold War view of the world. This allowed Truman to

convince Congress to approve a tripled military budget that provided funding for secret

research and development and turn a blind eye (in the name of National Security) to

“black operations” programs authorized under the new Cold War rubric of “containment”

and aimed at undermining otherwise peaceful nations and fomenting war, torture and

assassination in countries as diverse as Iran, Guatemala and Indochina.

Post-war developments in Europe, especially the British withdrawal from Greece, led

Truman to decide it was necessary to have a permanent American presence in the old

continent to counteract the Communist influence. General George C. Marshall, Secretary

of State, designed a vast plan that mixed economic assistance and secret actions aimed at

establishing democracies and making sure that voters in foreign countries made “the right

choice.” National Security Council directive NSC 10/2, essentially written by Kennan,

made official the creation of an anti-Communist interference network.

The US intelligence community had an ace in the hole, Reinhardt Gehlen, a Nazi

spymaster with an existing network of agents became the front man in Eastern Europe for

American intelligence. General Reinhardt Gehlen proved to be troublesome for the CIA

over the years. Communist counter-spies infiltrated his network, his information was

often incorrect, and he had downplayed his eagerness to serve the Reich. But Gehlen was

only one of thousands of Nazis recruited to assist in the new “Cold War” through

Operation Paperclip. In fact, the intelligence assets acquired by bringing the Gestapo onto

the US public payroll was overshadowed by the acquisition of dozens of brilliant Nazi

scientists and researchers.

At this juncture, Truman, through the application of the 1947 National Security Act and

Page 12

the newly formed National Security Council, authorized a vast number of secret projects

involving chemical, biological, nuclear and electromagnetic experiments. Former Nazis

were put in charge of many of the most sensitive programs and facilities. The Army

Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA) was entrusted to the former SS officer Wernher von

Braun.Kurt Debus, another ex-SS officer, directed Cape Canaveral. At this time scientists

began working on “black” projects in earnest, including attempts at finally developing the

“lost” theories of Nicola Tesla, the Serbian-born American physicist, into military and

intelligence applications.


Military interest into the weaponization of the electromagnetic spectrum has a long

history, based on the theoretical work of Nikola Tesla. Radar, in its early inception, was

seen not only as a means of tracking the position and speed of enemy targets, but as a

potential weapon in its own right. There are very real problems however with overcoming

the normal decrease in effect of an electromagnetic field over distance. This effect is a

natural function of the laws of physics and applies to both electrical and magnetic fields.

In short, the strength of a field drops off in inverse proportion to the distance of the target

from the source. Without a means of concentrating and directing a beam of energy across

long distances, any effect that an EMF weapon may have would be limited to its

immediate vicinity. From 1900 until his death in 1943, Nikola Tesla worked to develop

just such a weapon.

In a letter to the New York Times editor in 1908 Telsa wrote,

“When I spoke of future warfare I meant that it should be conducted by

direct application of electrical waves without the use of aerial engines or

other implements of destruction...What I said in regard to the greatest

achievement of the man of science whose mind is bent upon the mastery

of the physical universe, was nothing more than what I stated in one of my

unpublished addresses, from which I quote: "According to an adopted

theory, every ponderable atom is differentiated from a tenuous fluid,

filling all space merely by spinning motion, as a whirl of water in a calm

lake. By being set in movement this fluid, the ether, becomes gross matter.

Its movement arrested, the primary substance reverts to its normal state. It

appears, then, possible for man through harnessed energy of the medium

and suitable agencies for starting and stopping ether whirls to cause matter

to form and disappear. At his command, almost without effort on his part,

old worlds would vanish and new ones would spring into being. He could

alter the size of this planet, control its seasons, adjust its distance from the

sun, and guide it on its eternal journey along any path he might choose,

through the depths of the universe. He could make planets collide and

produce his suns and stars, his heat and light; he could originate life in all

its infinite forms. To cause at will the birth and death of matter would be

man's grandest deed, which would give him the mastery of physical

creation, make him fulfill his ultimate destiny."

Page 13

Tesla made several claims during the latter years of his life, published by the New York

Times in what became an annual event. His theory of the hidden nature of our universe

supplants those of many of his contemporaries in that he was able to infer a

multidimensional model of the universe that is only now being investigated through the

theoretical mathematics of our leading physicists.

Tesla also developed means of remotely controlling aircraft as early as 1915,

foreshadowing the Unmanned Ariel Vehicles (UAVs) of today’s battlefields. In 1934

Tesla offers to build a “Death Ray” that would make the power of an opponents air force

obsolete. This was one of the earliest recorded statements regarding directed energy

weapons. Tesla’s offer to build this device for the US government for a bargain price, but

with many caveats, was refused by officials who, preferred instead to pump money into

the new Army Air Corp, which in turn gave rise to the military aviation complex that we

have today.

Before the war the airline industry was not a major part of the economic life of the nation.

With huge wartime contracts, however, corporations such as Hughes, McDonnell

Douglas, Lockheed, and Northrop quickly grew in power commensurate with the

financial bonanza that was unearthed in the battlefields of Europe and the Pacific. These

companies formed the core of the “military-industrial complex.” Their investors and

managers began to consolidate their clout in political circles to keep the nation on a

wartime economic footing; a simple and vastly powerful weapon that would make

aircraft, bombs, missiles and attendant industries irrelevant would certainly be seen as a

direct threat to the growing power of military arsenal. Instead, a “black budget” program

was put into motion, which exploited the work of Robert Oppenheimer, Albert Einstein

and others. The Manhattan Project, developed by the DOD in 1942, generated a vastly

destructive weapon that required a well-established and unbelievably expensive

aerospace industry, along with unprecedented levels of secrecy and autonomy from

Congress and the public.

The US government also ignored Tesla’s offer to produce a “city killing machine,” which

was composed of an electromagnetic shield and a wireless torpedo. Tesla made several

proposals during the 1930s, none of which received funding. Among Tesla’s claims,

published annually on his birthday in the New York Times, were methods of harnessing

the power of the sun to electrify the earth and provide free electrical power to anybody,


Tesla did, however, conceive of at least one device that became a major part of our

nation’s arsenal - radar. As early as 1917 he published his theory and developed the first

prototype in 1934. It is from the basis of this technology that future research into

weaponizing the electromagnetic spectrum proceeded. At the same time Tesla was

working on methods of transmitting and receiving communication signals through

interplanetary space and reading the images on a sleeping person’s retina (by extension

mind reading). His prediction that future wars would be fought with electromagnetic

means foreshadowed the rise of electronic warfare and the non-lethal weapons

technology being deployed today.

Page 14

At first glance, it would seem probable that the military had taken over the management

of Tesla’s material. In fact, a number of projects related to his life’s work were in

development. For instance, the building of beam weapons at Wright Patterson Air Force

Base under the code name “Project Nick” headed by Brigadier General L.C. Craigie. This

project was however, cancelled due to an apparent lack of understanding of Tesla’s

means of transmitting high-energy waves without a loss of power over great distances.

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) began another project in 1958

codenamed “Seesaw” at Lawrence Livermore Labs aimed at combating reported Soviet

advances in electromagnetic weapons and defenses, advances that many believe came

about after 1952 when the bulk of Tesla’s research and personal effects were turned over

to his nephew, Sava Kosanovic, who promptly whisked them away to Yugoslavia. Eight

years later Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev would state that, “A new and fantastic

weapon is in the hatching stage,” horrifying many and prompting calls for more effective

means of using EMF, espionage and counter-espionage.

On February 9, 1981, the office of the Undersecretary of Defense Research and

Engineering department sent a letter to the FBI that requested the papers of Tesla, stating,

“We believe that certain of Tesla’s papers may contain basic principles which would be

of considerable value to certain ongoing research within the DOD. It would be very

helpful to have access to these papers. The letter was signed by Lt. Col. Allan J. Mclaren,

an R.O.T.C. graduate from M.I.T. in 1960, who later went on to become a project

director with Lockheed Martin Space Systems from which he retired in 2003.

This section of his memo to the FBI was not declassified until 1993. In response, the FBI

issued the same response as to all of the other inquiries with one exception, this time they

identified who it was that examined the stored effects; it was the Office of Scientific

Research and Development from MIT, a breeding ground of CIA. Technical types the

Office of Naval Intelligence and agents from US Naval Research. What they may have

been looking for had likely already been taken, according to a recent PBS special entitled

Tesla: Life and Legacy; Tesla’s nephew reported that Tesla’s most recent journal was

missing from the bulk of material stored by the OAP. In recent years high profile projects

such as the High Altitude Auroral Project (“HAARP”), the Strategic Defense Initiative

(“Star Wars”), and many of the devices promoted by proponents of “Non-Lethal

Weapons” have Tesla’s intellectual fingerprints all over them.


In terms of mind-control and the breaking down of prisoners for military interrogations,

the events at Abu-Ghraib, Guantanamo, and in the CIA network of secret prisons dotting

the globe, all have their intellectual origin in the work carried out by a network of

scientists under the behest of the intelligence community beginning in the World War II

period. Mind-control, per se, refers to a well-funded, broad based series of programs

designed to explore the furthest reaches of human cognitive ability. The Nazis, as well as

the Japanese, had been experimenting on prisoners throughout the war. Recovery of the

records of these experiments led the US to proceed with investigations into new means of

Page 15

interrogations and the building of resistance to interrogations of US personnel.

The CIA, in association with various other agencies, undertook a long series of

experiments on unsuspecting prisoners, students, military personnel and others recruited

into one of the at least 162 subprojects of what became known as MKULTRA. Interest

was certainly piqued by the case of Cardinal Mindseztny and the reports of brainwashing

techniques used on American soldiers in prisoner of war camps in Korea. But even prior

to the Korean War the resiliency of the human mind was being tested by researchers on

the black budget. These projects reportedly at times violated every conceivable notion of

human rights and dignity.

Frank Olson, a mid-level CIA operative, worked on the development of aerosol delivery

of drugs and poisons at Ft. Detrick, Maryland. His work, which is still classified, was

funded through MKULTRA. Olson took a trip to England where MI6 and the CIA were

working together on ways to prevent allied spies and servicemen from yielding to

interrogation. Olson also traveled to Frankfurt, where the two agencies conducted fatal

experiments on prisoners of war and others considered to be “expendable.” Olson had an

ethical dilemma with the research and, after voicing his concerns, returned to the United

States. On November 28, 1953, Olson was in room 1018A of the Hotel Statler in New

York. At 2 a.m., Olson fell from the 10


floor window of his room to his death on the

sidewalk below. The headline reported his death as an accident or suicide. This report

was discredited when, in 1975, another official lie was issued to ease his family’s

suffering and deflect public scrutiny. This time Olson was called the victim of an LSD

experiment. Media reports cited in the New York Times focused on the sensational aspects

of LSD use and psychic warfare, but did not dwell on the more egregious violations of

human rights and dignity inherent in the programs overseen by the CIA.

The truth was not revealed until 1994 when his son finally had his body exhumed and

examined. The autopsy showed that Olson’s left temple had been fractured before he fell.

According to the New York Times Magazine CIA tradecraft books from 1953, that have

since been released teach that “one of the surest methods of killing somebody without a

trace involves impairing their reflexes with alcohol (or drugs) and then stepping up

behind them and stunning them with a blow to the temple. After that you quickly grab

their ankles and in a single motion flip them over a bridge, balcony or out of a window

more than 70 feet off of the ground.” What Olson saw, and what cost him his life and his

family their peace of mind for 30 years, was the beginning of a long term strategy to

develop means of making individual both resistant to “brainwashing” and to control the

actions of individuals. The cover story that was used to justify the beginning of the

project was that there was a “brainwashing gap” with the Koreans.

Experimenters used college students, servicemen, mental patients, the poor and, in

several instances, children as young as four years old, in attempts to create untraceable

assassins, couriers and other operatives. MKULTRA sub-projects involved the services

of many notable universities and used a number of false front corporations such as the

Foundation for the Study of Human Ecology and think tanks such as RAND, to shield the

source of funding from those with ethical “problems.” We would still know nothing of

Page 16

these activities had it not been for the release of 16,000 pages of documents in 1977

through the FOIA request filed by the surviving family of Frank Olson. Unfortunately,

CIA Director Richard Helms ordered the destruction of any MKULTRA records shortly

before the order came in to his office, leaving an incomplete picture of a concerted effort

by various agencies to create new and better means of controlling the thoughts, emotions

and thus behavior, of unsuspecting individuals.


MKULTRA was, however, neither the first nor the last project funded by government or

industry to experiment on people in the name of some greater good. A quick review of

the history of secret experimentation and medical atrocities reveals a pattern of deadly


The Tuskegee Experiments in 1932 cruelly condemned scores of black men to death from


The Pellagra Incident, in which millions died over two decades, in spite of the fact that

the US Public Health Service knew at the time that these deaths were caused by little

more than a niacin deficiency.

In 1940, scientists exposed four hundred prisoners in Chicago with malaria (a US

experiment Nazis cited at the Nuremberg trials to defend their own experimentation).

During WWII, Seventh Day Adventist conscientious objectors were enlisted into

Operation Whitecoat by the US Army and the Adventist Church. They were told that they

were being tested for defensive research purposes while the government was in fact

testing offensive chemical and biological weapons.

After WWII, matters became far worse for those who were caught up in the web of

illegal scientific testing. In 1947, Colonel E.E. Kirkpatrick of the US Atomic Energy

Commission issued a secret document stating that the agency would begin administering

intravenous doses of radioactive substances to human subjects. At the same time,

residents of Utah and Nevada were purposely exposed to radioactive fallout during

atomic tests. There were also a series of operations during the 1940s and 1950s in which

US cities were attacked secretly by the military through the spread of biological agents in

order to track their propagation through a real population.


Dr. Ewen Cameron

Once the details of MKULTRA came to light, the focus in the media and in the Senate

was on the use of drugs, especially LSD. While the researchers within the project did

indeed concentrate on developing a variety of hallucinogenic concoctions, they did so

with an end in mind. The goal was to devise means and methods of enabling undercover

Page 17

operatives, soldiers, contractors or anyone who was involved in secret projects, to be able

to keep those secrets if they were captured or interrogated. Hypnosis, combined with

drugs, sensory deprivation and systematic abuse were seen as a means to that end. The

leader in this pharmaceutical and psychological research was Dr. Ewen Cameron.

Cameron was at the time, one of the most esteemed psychiatrists in the world. As

president of the American Psychiatric Association, Canadian Psychiatric Association, and

one of the founders of the World Psychiatric Association, Dr. Cameron began

experimenting on brainwashing techniques as early as the 1930s with schizophrenic

patients. At this time, lobotomies were not yet in common use, though the procedure

would begin to be implemented in 1936 on a wide scale. Electroshock therapy was some

years from being accepted as a primary means of changing behavior.

Cameron relied on torturous and highly stressful techniques for breaking down the

personality of his patients. Schizophrenics would be stripped down naked beneath red

lights for eight hours a day, sometimes for up to eight months with repeated messages

inundating their senses. In other experiments, Cameron would attempt to induce the

delirium associated with a high fever by cooking his patients in an electric cage until their

body temperature reached 102 degrees.

From January of 1957 until September of 1960 Cameron became one of the promising

researchers the CIA turned to in order to develop means and methods of “brainwashing”

and programming human beings to do the will of the agency. Cameron received

$64,242.44 from the CIA to develop a combination of techniques that would destroy an

individual’s memory of an event and enable the programmer to control their behavior

through post-hypnotic commands. Cameron used a variety of drug combinations coupled

with prolonged sleep deprivation, isolation, hypnosis, and electro convulsive therapy in

order to “wipe” an individual’s memory. His techniques worked, to a certain extent, but

ethical considerations led the CIA to cut Cameron’s funding in the US, prompting

Cameron to move to Canada to continue his work with funding channeled through the

Canadian Government.

He continued his work, officially, from 1961 until 1964 in Montreal where he received an

additional $57,750. During this time Cameron combined his techniques (in a “therapy” he

called de-patterning) with electroconvulsive therapy in which the voltage introduced into

one subjects brain, Linda Macdonald, exceeded the APA’s guidelines by 76.5 times. He

succeeded in wiping her memory and to this day, she cannot remember anything prior to

1963. In a January 17, 1984 broadcast of the Canadian Broadcasting System, a program

called “The Fifth Estate” detailed the experiments of Cameron, prompting a burst of

investigative journalism culminating in a class-action suit brought against the CIA by

former subjects. In 1988, the case was settled out of court for $750,000, divided between

8 plaintiffs. Linda Macdonald received $100,000 and legal fees from the Canadian

government, but Cameron himself, faced no punishment.

Dr. Jose Delgado

Whereas Cameron focused on creating traumatized individuals through intense

Page 18

psychological pressure, Dr. Jose Delgado was investigating the direct route to control of

“human subjects.” Delgado physically invaded the brains of subjects with electrodes in

order to create emotions and control actions with the push of a button. As he stated


"We need a program of psychosurgery for political control of our society.

The purpose is physical control of the mind. Everyone who deviates from

the given norm can be surgically mutilated. The individual may think that

the most important reality is his own existence, but this is only his

personal point of view. This lacks historical perspective. Man does not

have the right to develop his own mind. This kind of liberal orientation has

great appeal. We must electrically control the brain. Some day armies and

generals will be controlled by electric stimulation of the brain."

In his paper "Intracerebral Radio Stimulation and Recording in Completely Free

Patients,” Delgado observed that:

"Radio Stimulation on different points in the amygdala and hippocampus

in the four patients produced a variety of effect, including pleasant

sensations, elation, deep thoughtful concentration, odd feelings, super

relaxation (an essential precursor for deep hypnosis) colored visions, and

other responses."

Delgado, to his credit, did make great strides toward a better understanding of the

physiology of brain structures and their attendant behavioral and emotional correlates,

strides that did not go unnoticed by the intelligence community and the military.

While Delgado worked in an area of specific interest, the direct stimulation of brain

structures through implanted electronics, other researchers explored means of creating

multiple personalities and programming the alternate personalities that emerged to do a

variety of intelligence related work as operatives, still others explored the effects of

various drug combinations and other “programming” and interrogation techniques aimed

at creating super spies and breaking down enemy agents.


According to testimony by Senator Edward Kennedy in 1977,

"Some 2 years ago, the Senate Health Subcommittee heard chilling

testimony about the human experimentation activities of the Central

Intelligence Agency. The Deputy Director of the CIA revealed that over

30 universities and institutions were involved in an ‘extensive testing and

experimentation’ program which included covert drug tests on unwitting

citizens ‘at all social levels, [high and low], native Americans and

foreign.’ Several of these [tests involved] the administration of LSD to

‘unwitting subjects in [social] situations.’ ... The Central Intelligence

Page 19

Agency drugged American citizens without their knowledge or consent. It

used university facilities and personnel without their knowledge."

As an example of the hubris wrought by institutions veiled in secrecy, given unlimited

funds and staffed with amoral people we can only refer to the statement made by George

White in a letter to MKUltra director Sidney Gottleib: "I toiled wholeheartedly in the

vineyards because it was fun, fun, fun! Where else could an American boy lie, cheat, rape

and pillage with the sanction and blessing of the All Highest?”

After Watergate, more information hit the papers; COINTELPRO was uncovered by a

group of people who have never been apprehended, in spite of a six-year FBI

investigation. The COINTELPRO program was secret until 1971, when an FBI field

office was burglarized by a group calling themselves the Citizens' Commission to

Investigate the FBI. These people broke into an FBI office in Pennsylvania, rifled

through the filing cabinets and leaked to the press documents detailing the abuses

suffered by a wide variety of activists, including a long-term plan to destroy Martin

Luther King Jr.:

“Agents tapped his phone, bugged his rooms, trumpeted his supposed

commie connections, and his sexual proclivities, and sicced the Internal

Revenue Service on him. When it was announced in 1964 that King would

receive a Nobel Peace Prize, the FBI grew desperate. Hoping to prevent

King from accepting the award, the Bureau mailed him a package

containing a tape of phone calls documenting King’s extramarital affairs

and an anonymous, threatening letter (shown here in censored form). In

barely concealed language, King was told to commit suicide before the

award ceremony or risk seeing his "filthy, abnormal fraudulent self"

exposed to the nation. Fortunately, King ignored the FBI’s advice. He

accepted the award and lived four more years until his assassination.”

Some of the largest COINTELPRO campaigns targeted the Socialist Worker's Party, the

Ku Klux Klan, the "New Left" (including several anti-war groups such as the Students

for a Democratic Society and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee), Black

Liberation groups (such as the Black Panthers and the Republic of New Africa), Puerto

Rican independence groups, the American Indian Movement, and the Weather

Underground. Later, Director Hoover declared that the centralized COINTELPRO was

over, and that all future counterintelligence operations would be handled on a case-by-

case basis.

In addition, the MKULTRA documents hit the press and a number of books were written

about the subject, most notable were’ “The Search for the Manchurian Candidate” by

John Marks, “Bluebird” by Colin A. Ross MD, and “A Nation Betrayed” by Carol Rutz.

At this point victims began to come forward with claims of being horribly abused in these

programs, one of the most famous is a woman named Candy Jones who described in

stunning detail a tale of corruption and abuse.

When Jimmy Carter became President in 1976 he promptly moved to introduce a

Page 20

modicum of control, he instituted the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act

establishing an 11 member secret court to oversee the surveillance activities of

our covert agencies. As an example of the limited reporting requirements for the

court, we have the first report issued to Vice President Mondale from Attorney

General Benjamin R. Civiletti in 1979:

This report is submitted pursuant to Section 107 of the Foreign

Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978, Title 50, United States Code

Section 1807.

During calendar year 1979, 199 applications were made for orders and

extensions of orders approving electronic surveillance under the Act. The

United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court issued 207 orders

granting authority for the requested electronic surveillances. No orders

were entered which modified or denied the requested authority.

Pointedly Carter’s reform measure did not do anything to insure that the American public

would be protected in the future from abuse and testing at the hands of the intelligence

arm of the military-industrial complex. Carter’s move to reform the CIA was to appoint

an outsider as head of the agency, Admiral Stansfield Turner. After Turner took over as

Director of the CIA 800 “rogue” agents were let go, though most all of them found work

in various false front companies that had been set up in the previous years.

Both the Rockefeller Commission and the Church Committee revealed a long-standing

pattern of both developing new psychological, pharmaceutical and radiological

technologies, to influence individuals and groups and long-standing pattern of behavior

whereby politically disruptive citizens were systematically targeted, harassed and

destroyed. Yet there have, to date, been no provisions instituted which would stop this

behavior, nor is there any guarantee that these kinds of covert programs ever actually

ceased. The only practical change engendered by the disclosures of the 1970s was to

drive these kinds of operations further into the shadows. That such research and

experimentation may still be occurring is evidenced by a DOD directive, issued by the

Secretary of the Navy on November 6, 2006 that specifically requires prior approval of

the Under Secretary of the Navy before conducting “severe or unusual intrusions, either

physical or psychological, on human subjects (such as consciousness altering drugs, or

mind-control techniques).”

Non-Lethal Weapons Research Today

There is a long history that illustrates US Intelligence operations had tragic results for

many involved. There was, however, no public debate surrounding these black operations

because they were classified under the guise of national security. MKULTRA, Project

PANDORA, plutonium testing, and many more projects conducted by the DOD and the

CIA were exposed by committees led by Senators Rockefeller and Church in the 1970s.

However, tighter restrictions on human experiment including accountability and

transparency did not occur until 1997, when President Clinton instituted revised protocols

Page 21

on human experiments.

Official reports insist that the research involving experiments during the 1950s through

the 1970s was destroyed. Yet, the scientists involved went without punishment, free to

continue their careers. Given the levels of ongoing EMF technology research today, and

the recent retroactive approval of torture approved by the Military Commissions Act, it

may be that human testing is occurring under post-9/11 national security protocols. Can

we accept that all the psychological research conducted with government funding up to

the 1970s was simply destroyed? At this time, the American public has no way to answer

this question. The current administration classifies more information than any previous

US administration. Unclassified documents have even been recalled and re-classified.

In the 1980s, nuclear radiation experiments on humans became public knowledge and

Russian tests making use of the electromagnetic spectrum were exposed. Countries

around the world passed laws and signed treaties in response to the danger of weapons

that could adversely effect human behavior or manipulate human cognition. The Russians

banned all EMF weapons in 2001.

These treaties have roots in the human radiation experiments of the 1950s, 1960s and

1970s. In effect, these treaties declared a basic tenant of human rights and cognitive


In the quest for global military superiority, the US stepped up funding for the concept of

the “Future Warrior” beginning in the late 1990s with the use of advanced nano-

technology. The idea was to streamline the military, improve soldier performance, control

the fighting in real-time and avoid soldier mortality. Toward this end, the concept was to

enhance the ability of soldiers in the field to interface with computer systems by using

their own brain waves. The US began to fund research into decoding the brain as well as

other neurological research. President George H.W. Bush declared the 1990s “The

Decade of the Brain”. At the same time, funding for computer to human interface poured

into universities and Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) stepped up

their research and development. In the universities, the field became “cognitive science”

and within DARPA, the term “augmented cognition” was born. While developments in

brain research are touted for their amazing therapeutic advances in the medical field, they

primarily serve the purposes of the US military.

Americans have little idea about the research concerning the capabilities of

electromagnetism, directed acoustics, or computer-human interfacing. The majority of

Americans do not know that we are currently using these new-concept weapons in Iraq

and Afghanistan. Indiana University law professor David Fidler stated to the Economist,

“because these weapons are most likely to be used on civilians, it is not clear that using

them is legal under the international rules governing armed conflict…if they are used in

conjunction with conventional weapons, they could end up making war more deadly,

rather than less.”

A peek into the US arsenal of weapons is like a look into a science fiction film. DARPA

and various military research labs provide a view of the current technology available to

Page 22

enhance US soldiers in the field and manipulate the emotions and behaviors of the

perceived enemy. As American sentiment toward the Iraq war spirals downward, along

with the approval ratings of the US president, domestic civil disobedience is likely to rise,

as it has in many countries in response to US foreign policy.

Are new electromagnetic weapons in the possession of the government be used on

American citizens? The issue at hand is whether the research and technology currently

being developed will benefit or harm us and how much liberty we are willing to sacrifice

for a possibly skewed sense of national security and protection.

In September 2006, Air Force Secretary Michael Wynne announced that crowd control

weapons should be tested on Americans first. "If we're not willing to use it here against

our fellow citizens, then we should not be willing to use it in a wartime situation," said

Wynne. "(Because) if I hit somebody with a non-lethal weapon and they claim that it

injured them in a way that was not intended, I think that I would be vilified in the world


Non-lethal weapons sound harmless in relation to guns and bombs. However, non-lethal

weapons are not just tasers and annoying sounds. Nor are they harmless. In fact, NLWs

are such a concern that many countries have treaties demanding transparency. Beginning

in the 1990s, groups have formed to provide oversight of NLW research, including

international committees, concerned scientists, and citizens’ groups including the

Federation of American Scientists and the Center for Cognitive Liberty and Ethics. The

proliferation of NLWs have raised concern within the EU, Russia, and other countries, as

records of Cold War abuses come to light and people come forward with complaints of

illegal testing.

The concern is more than a political issue and stretches beyond civil liberties into human

rights as they relate to a person’s cognitive liberties. The following section highlights

technologies with the capability to control and manipulate individuals or large groups of


Crowd Control using the Electromagnetic Spectrum

The electromagnetic spectrum has provided the military with an expanse of weapons,

which are operational and in military and private use today in the form of millimeter

waves, pulsed energy projectiles, and high power magnetic weapons.

Project Sheriff

The US has deployed the Project Sheriff active denial weapon in Iraq. Raytheon outfitted

Humvees with their Silent Guardian Protection System, a device capable of heating the

skin to 1/64 of an inch, causing instant pain similar to intense sunburn, with the goal to

facilitate dispersing a crowd. According to a report released by the Air Force on the

human effects of this weapon, people with contact lenses and those wearing metal

suffered greater effects. An imprint of a coin was discovered on the skin of a test subject

Page 23

and death or severe heart problems may occur.

Pulsed Energy Projectiles

Pulsed Energy Projectiles (PEPs) are another form of weaponry that is used to paralyze a

victim with pain. According to New Scientist magazine, the expanding plasma affects

nerve cells, but the long-term effects remain a public mystery. The Joint Non-Lethal

Weapons Program reports that, PEPs create a flash bang effect that startles and distracts.

However, the effects are much greater than just startling an individual. A 2001 Time

magazine article states that the PEP “superheats the surface moisture around a target so

rapidly that it literally explodes, producing a bright flash of light and a loud bang. The

effect is like a stun grenade, but unlike a grenade the pep travels at nearly the speed of

light and can take out a target with pinpoint accuracy…as far away as 2 km.”

While the effects of these weapons appear to be short-term and topical in nature, there is

evidence that electromagnetic weapons have effects on the brain, including sleep

disruption and behavior changes. They can produce anxiety and fear or compliance in

humans. It is possible to use these weapons as a means of torture, yet without knowing

exactly when, where, and how the weapons are used, we are left to speculate. An article

by David Hambling in New Scientist magazine, March 2005, was titled, “Maximum pain

is aim of new US weapons.” In 2006, Dr. Brian Martin, associate professor in Science,

Technology and Society, University of Wollongong, Australia, co-authored a paper

entitled “Looming struggles over technology for border control,” which describes the

potential catastrophes that would lead to an extreme border protection plan. In the event

of a natural disaster, or the rapid reduction of resources, or a major climactic change such

as drought, rich countries will have a need to reinforce their borders against a massive

influx of refugees. This scenario is often described in the nation-state context but it is

possible to imagine such a perceived need in the event of internal civil unrest.

Directed Acoustics

In Maoist China, cities were equipped with megaphones, bombarding the people with on-

going propaganda. The megaphones were in full vision of the people, yet there was no

way to escape the sound. Today technology exists that fills a similar purpose. Voice to

Skull directed acoustic devices are neuro-electromagnetic non-lethal weapons that can

produce sounds within the skull of a human.

A similar technology, known as Hypersonic Sound, is used in a similar fashion.

According to its inventor, Elwood Norris of American Technology Corporation (ATC),

the handheld speaker can focus sound waves directly at a person without anyone else

hearing the sound. The technology is being tested by corporations such as McDonald’s

and Wal-Mart to direct advertisements into a consumer’s head.

The Long Rage Acoustical Device (LRAD) is used by the military in situations such as

crowd control, mass notification, and perimeter enforcement. For instance, an unruly mob

may not hear a warning to disperse with traditional acoustic technology, or border

Page 24

enforcement agents may need to warn an approaching intruder to turn away or face

bodily harm. The technology has advantages over lethal force, yet it also has the potential

to inflict physical harm, emotional manipulation, and death. According to Defense

Update, the LRAD can produce a 150-decibel acoustic beam from 300 meters away. The

human threshold for pain is between 120 to 140 decibels. In a 2003 New York Times

article Mr. Norris demonstrates his technology to the reporter. At 1% of capacity, the

reporter’s eyes hurt, and hours later still experienced a headache.

This technology can inflict permanent damage and death despite its classification as a

non-lethal weapon. While the LRAD may be seen as a way to save lives in times of

disaster or to avoid civilian casualties, the LRAD and similar directed acoustics may be

cause for concern to those who exercise their right to assemble and conduct peaceful

demonstrations and protests. The New York City police used the LRAD at the

Republican National Convention and it was also used in Miami at a WTO Free Trade

protests. Covering one’s ears will not protect a person and given, the long-range

capabilities, fleeing from the beam may not help either (as evidenced in the use of

directed acoustics against Jewish settlers in Gaza). The Associated Press (AP) reported

that a device called “the scream” was used in a 2005 protest against Palestinians who

“covered their ears and grabbed their heads, overcome by dizziness and nausea, after the

vehicle-mounted device began sending out bursts of audible, but not loud, sound at

intervals of about 10 seconds. An AP photographer at the scene said that even after he

covered his ears, he continued to hear the sound ringing in his head.”

Neurological Technology

Neurobiology has many facets including therapeutic applications with Alzheimer’s,

epilepsy, depression, and stroke victims using Trancranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS).

Bush’s Decade of the Brain produced outstanding advances for those with spinal cord

injuries as well, which allows a paralyzed person to control a computer screen or a limb

with a brain implant. There is also a new field in neurological research, Augmented

Cognition. From universities to private business to the military, advances in neuro-

technology can be used for amazing good. However, as we learned from the history of

the Cold War, technology that has the capacity to heal also has the capacity to harm. Of

great concern is the research being conducted at DARPA, which is trying to revolutionize

the way soldiers receive information, respond to orders, adapt to stress, and perform

while sleep deprived.

TMS is being developed for military purposes using electrical impulses at close

proximity to the skull to enhance mood, affect sleep patterns, and increase creativity. This

technology is beginning to replace electro-shock therapy. DARPA granted a contract to

the Medical University of South Carolina to research now to improve a soldier’s

performance. A soldier’s reaction to stress may be less intense, or a 40-hour flight will

allow for the soldier to remain awake without the side effects of sleep deprivation. Few,

if any, understand the long-term effects of TMS, given its relative infancy in the overall

field of Augmented Cognition. Does TMS produce unknown neurological effects ten,

twenty, fifty years down the road? To what extent is TMS being researched? TMS is part

Page 25

of the overall field of Augmented Cognition. In essence, Augmented Cognition allows a

human to interact with a computer through brain waves. The idea is to enhance a person’s

cognitive capabilities in the area of memory, learning, attention, visualization, and


One application of augmented cognition allows a user to monitor a person’s brain

functions and send anticipatory commands to the person being monitored. For instance, a

military command unit will be able to monitor a pilot in a cockpit, and based on the

sensory output of the soldier, the base command can input messages directly into the

pilot’s brain to improve performance. DARPA describes this as a human computer

symbiosis whereby, “This research will enable development of closed loop human-

computer technologies, where the state of the user is measured, analyzed, and

automatically adapted to by the computational system.” The increase in human-computer

relations and the ability to manipulate and control a person’s senses, memory, and neural

output has wide implications.

The basic ability to enter a person’s mind is not a futuristic fantasy. This is real and in

prototype. DARPA began this research in 1983. The Internet has become a focal point in

our lives with reliance for information and communication. Our interaction and intimacy

with computers is increasingly pervasive, as is our exposure to the field of augmented

cognition. DARPA does not address the implications of such symbiosis, or the dilemma

of he extent to which a person can or should be manipulated. The use of this technology

is used for military purposes but it may not be long until it is used to “improve” the

factory worker, prisoners, or the mentally ill.

The Implant

Another realm of brain research is the field of neural implants. Until recently, implants

were a futuristic fantasy. Current advances in the private and military sectors have

produced an implant that can allow a victim of a spinal cord injury to walk again or give

an amputee the ability to control her leg with her mind. In the private sector,

Cyberkinetics is leading the way to liberating some people from wheelchairs. This

technology is a path to a more functional way of life, but it is also possible that the use of

implants could be used for malevolence.

John Donohoe, founder, chief scientific officer, and director of Cyberkinetics, addressed

the issue of mind control and neural implants. When asked if creating a brain-machine

interface will open the door to mind control Donohoe responded, “We do that all the time

already. Advertising is mind control. Even pharmaceutical agents are a form of mind

control. When people have behaviors that deviate far from the norm, they are given

medications that bring their mind back into the realm of behavior that we call normal. If a

child were to have a seizure and became unconscious because of the seizure, and we

controlled his mind so that he did not have seizures, that would be a wonderful thing. We

want to do that.”

The Experts

Page 26

Many scientists, philosophers, psychologists, and military analysts have written on the

possibilities of accumulating information directly from the human brain as well as

controlling human beings for various governmental and militaristic purposes using the

aforementioned technologies. What follows are excerpts from recent interviews

conducted by the authors with notable experts focusing on the capabilities of US EMF

technologies and concerns about human rights and cognitive liberty. We contacted

twenty-two experts in the fields of EMF technologies, many would not comment. The

following are quotes from four experts who were willing to publicly address the subject.

Vladimir Nikolaevich Lopatin

Director of The Republican Scientific Research Institute of Intellectual Property,

Moscow, former Deputy of the State Duma of the Russian Federation on the Vologda

from 1995 to 1999, and Senior Assistant to the General Public Prosecutor of the Russian

Federation. During the 1990s Lopatin was active in the Russian Federation’s banning of

EMF technologies for military purposes.

The following are quotes from Lopatin:

“At the same time, the necessity of protection from information weapons, information

terrorism and information war is being discussed more often during the last years.”

“…according to the Security Department of the Russian Federation, directors of Russian

Special Services and the Ministry of Defense of Russia. Based on the data of special

services, by the beginning of the 21


century expenses for purchasing means of

information war increased within the last 15 years in the USA in four times and are ahead

of all armament programs. Information confrontation during the times of a regular war

began to change to a new, higher level – information war.”

“According to article 6 of the Federal Law “On weapons,” as of July 30, 2001, on the

territory of the Russian Federation it is forbidden to circulate as means of civil and

service weapons: ‘weapons and other objects, destructive ability of which is based on the

use of electro-magnetic, light, heat, infrasound and ultrasound radiation and which have

output parameters that exceed the amounts, set by state standards of the Russian

Federation and norms of the federal body of executive power responsible for healthcare,

and also mentioned above weapons and objects, manufactured outside of the territory of

the Russian Federation’.”

Carol Smith

British psychoanalyst, private practice in London, member of The College of

Psychoanalysts and the Institute for Psychotherapy and Social Studies and member of

their Ethics Committee.

Asked if there are human rights concerns associated with these particular non-lethal

weapons, Smith answered, “Yes – it depends though by what is meant by ‘the wrong

hands’. For people who are targeted for experimentation – all such devices need testing –

all hands are the wrong hands, be they government, private commercial, or

Page 27

sadistic/commercial. Ionatron, a large company based in Arizona, developed plasma

channel directed energy weapons and state in their website: ‘What are LIPC laser-guided

directed-energy weapons? Laser-guided directed-energy weapons work like "man-made

lightning" to disable people or things. LIPC technology is Ionatron’s proprietary type of

laser-guided directed-energy weapon. LIPC stands for laser-induced plasma channel; the

plasma channel is how the energy is directed through the air at the target. Extremely fast

femto-second lasers cause light to break into filaments, which form a plasma channel that

conducts the energy like a virtual wire. This technology can be adjusted for non-lethal or

lethal use’.”

Discussing neurotechnology, Smith adds, “Brain mapping indicated to us the pleasure

centers of the brain. TMS is the accessing these with rapidly changing magnetic fields to

produce electrical fields.

If the right hand rule is operative, the effect of inducing electrical fields by changing

magnetic fields improves mood.

(Lenz’s law, however, gives the direction of the induced electromotive force (EMF)

resulting from electromagnetic induction, thus: The EMF induced in an electric circuit

always acts in such a direction that the current it drives around a closed circuit produces a

magnetic field which opposes the change in magnetic flux.) In other words, it would be

possible to create depression and a feeling of overwhelming hopelessness by the

induction of a current into the electrical circuit of the brain, which opposed the change in

magnetic flux.

“In 2004, The US Air Force Directorate: Controlled Effects gives a clear picture of

objectives: “The Controlled Effects long-term challenge focuses technology

developments in three primary areas Measured Global Force Projection looks at the

exploitation of electromagnetic and other non-conventional force capabilities against

facilities and equipment to achieve strategic, tactical, and lethal and non lethal force

projection around the world. Controlled Personnel Effects investigates technologies to

make selected adversaries think and act according to our needs. Dominant Remote

Control seeks to control, at a distance, an enemy's vehicles, sensors, communications, and

information systems and manipulate them for military purposes. The S&T Planning

Review panel looked first at extending the applications of advanced military technologies

currently under development and then at new, revolutionary technologies for their

military significance.”

“For the Controlled Personnel Effects capability, the S&T panel explored the potential

for targeting individuals with non lethal force, from a militarily useful range, to make

selected adversaries think or act according to our needs. Through the application of non-

lethal force, it is possible to physically influence or incapacitate personnel. Advanced

technologies could enable the war fighter to remotely create physical sensations such as

pressure or temperature changes. A current example of this technology is Active Denial,

a non-lethal counter-personnel millimeter wave system that creates a skin heating

sensation to repel an individual or group of people without harm. By studying and

Page 28

modeling the human brain and nervous system, the ability to mentally influence or

confuse personnel is also possible. Through sensory deception, it may be possible to

create synthetic images, or holograms, to confuse an individual's visual sense or, in a

similar manner, confuse his senses of sound, taste, touch, or smell. Through cognitive

engineering, scientists can develop a better understanding of how an individual's

cognitive processes (pattern recognition, visual conditioning, and difference detection)

affect his decision-making processes. Once understood, scientists could use these

cognitive models to predict a person's behavior under a variety of conditions with the

potential to affect an adversary's mission accomplishment via a wide range of personnel


Dr. Dean Radin

Former positions at AT&T Bell Labs and GTE Labs on advanced telecommunications

R&D, appointments at Princeton University, University of Edinburgh, University of

Nevada, SRI International and Interval Research Corporation, co-founder of the

Boundary Institute, Senior Scientist at the Institute of Noetic Sciences. Adjunct

appointment at Sonoma State University, Distinguished Consulting Faculty for Saybrook

Graduate School.

“I have spoken with experts in this area (extremely low frequency) about health effects in

general and the consensus seems to be that non-ionizing EM radiation definitely does

have effects on living systems, from individual cells to human behavior. The principle

health concern is childhood leukemia associated with proximity to high-tension lines.

There the epidemiological evidence is fairly clear. On other sources of EM, like cell

phones and microwaves, the jury still seems to be out, although I strongly suspect that

directed microwaves at non-ionizing strength can induce all sorts of behavioral changes

through direct influence of the nervous system. This comes from my contacts in the non-

lethal weapons arena, which is often lumped in with the hysteria over supposed psychic

mind-control. All things being equal, I’d rather see development of non-lethal weapons

than lethal ones. How such weapons are actually used is another matter, of course.”

"The question is, were there ever elements of the intel/military world engaged in

experiments on human behavior (not mind) control? Yes, many decades ago, during the

cold war. But is such work still taking place? I don’t know, because if it is it would be a

black project and then by definition only those involved would know of it. I hope no such

projects are underway, because I do believe that EMF, used in nefarious ways, can

destabilize the brain, and potentially generate feelings of violence or apathy. But I very

strongly doubt that specific thoughts or intentions or actions can be induced"

Dr. Nick Begich

He is the editor of Earthpulse Flashpoints, a new-science book series and published

articles in science, politics and education and is a well known lecturer, having presented

throughout the United States and in nineteen countries. Begich has served as an expert

witness and speaker before the European Parliament and has spoken on various issues for

groups representing citizen concerns, statesmen and elected officials, scientists and

others. He is the publisher and co-owner of Earthpulse Press and Executive Director of

Page 29

The Lay Institute of Technology, Inc. a Texas non-profit corporation.

“There are several ways that microwaves can affect humans. For instance, the Sheriff and

weapons that can heat the skin for crowd control do what the military states but they are

capable of much more. The thermal heating weapons act like a car radio; you can change

the frequencies to get different effects. The electromagnetic weapons send an impulse

through the nervous system. They can transfer sounds, like Woody Norris’ directed

acoustic weapons, which is contracted to the US government. It modulates a signal that is

a radio frequency, which can be changed to affect certain organs. It can override an organ

like the heart or the liver. So changing the perimeter is like changing the broadcast on the

radio. These extremely low frequencies also have the capability to send messages directly

into the head when only the receiver can hear it. (See the 1985 Radiofrequency Radiation

Dosimetry Handbook).”

“The handbook talks about electromagnetics and about the rapid healing of bones. The

frequencies can also be used to manipulate the brain and create a disequilibrium. These

frequencies can also imbed signals on radio broadcasts to create a feeling of fear or

anxiety. The US military would embed these signals on the Muslim prayer broadcasts

during the first Gulf War. This was called Project Solo.”

“During the 1990’s, in both presidential administrations, non-lethal weapons such as

these and others received priority funding. The Secretary of Energy under Clinton,

O’Leary, warned that over a 40 year period, 500,000 had been unwitting test subjects for

military research on non-lethal weapons, including MKULTRA who claims among many

victims, Ted Kaczynski, the Unabomber. There is no way to know who these people are

or how to help them because there is paranoia in the military and no oversight in

Congress. These black projects probably don’t even make it to the President.”

“The problem is that the military’s role is to be paranoid and think up scenarios where the

worst can happen then prepare for this in order to protect the people from a hypothetical

future event. But there is little to no oversight. The Senate Intelligence Committee is

made up of people like Ted Stephens who thinks the internet is made up of pipes and

tubes. These people do not have the required background knowledge to ask the right

questions. According to the defense budget report, 40% of the budget is dedicated to

black projects. There is no oversight and no public knowledge. In the European Union,

things are much different.”

“In February 1998, I testified before the European Union parliament for an hour and a

half and convinced them of the detrimental effects of non lethal weapons on humans,

their behavior and their minds. The EU was convinced and passed a resolution banning

the use of weapons that can manipulate a person (see Parliament Resolution A4-005/99

entitled "Resolution on the

Environment, Security, and Foreign Policy" passed on January 29, 1999). During the

hearings, the US representative and NATO representatives sat in the back and declined to

participate when asked. In the US, there is no such resolution or anything remotely close

to being considered by any member of Congress. There is no concern for it in the US

Page 30

because no one knows about them.”

“During the 1980’s and 1990’s, there were a lot of papers that came out of the Naval War

College and from top military officials that advocated using weapons that would cut

down on the carnage seen by the American public in order to maintain public support.

There was another paper that discusses how people will give up their liberties if they

lived in a climate of fear by an outside enemy. If the US public knew about these

weapons and what they could potentially asked to give up, their minds, the public would

resist. So now, these weapons are being developed by the companies that comprise the

industrial military complex who are immune from FOIA requests.”

“Without oversight, these weapons will a government to have absolute control. These

weapons are most certainly in the hands of most industrialized countries. China certainly

has them as intelligence reports released by the CIA reveal claims about these new

concept weapons. There needs to be a debate in the public sphere because while these

weapons appear frightening, they have amazing therapeutic potentials. There is the

possibility of quicker healing and curing disease and what is just as important about

government transparency concerning weapons is the transparency of life saving science

being kept from the public. If we have the ability to cure and the government or military

hides this, we have just as big a problem.”

Summary Analysis of Expert Interviews

From the four interviews we were able to complete, there is a clear consensus of concern

for the potentiality of human rights abuses with EMF weapons testing and use. They

collectively agree that the US is the leading global researcher in this area and spends

increasingly more money building this technology. It is also clear that we know very little

about the actual levels of experimentation, research, and capabilities of EMF weapons

technologies due to high levels of US government security.

Department of Defense Military Contractors

Military contractors run our wars in concert with power elites. The corporation also has

the power to determine which studies will reach the public. To be certain, the military, in

the interest of budgets, will allow negative or alarming studies to remain unreported or

lost in a sea of classified documents.

The power of the military and DOD contractors is staggering. In the interest of national

security and lessons learned from an open democracy during the 1970s and the 1990s,

operations have become more black. In essence, no one can know with certainty what our

military, government, or corporations have in store for the world, though, we have some


Michael Vickers, senior adviser to the Secretary of Defense for the 2005 Quadrennial

Defense Review and principal strategist for the largest covert action program in the CIA's

history, recently testified on the importance of black operations:

Page 31

“US Special Operations Command’s (SOCOM) emphasis after 9/11 has been to make

white Special Operations Forces (SOF) more gray and black SOF more black. It is

imperative, however, that white and black SOF be integrated fully from a strategic


The money involved in the non-lethal weapons industry is growing and military

contractors are reaping the profits. According to Defense Industry Daily, Aaardvark

Tactical, Inc. in Azusa, CA won a $50 million contract to develop non-lethal weapons,

anti-terrorism capabilities, and riot gear. Ionatron was awarded a $12 million contract to

develop the Laser Induced Plasma Channel technology which produces man-made

lightening bolts. SAIC received a $49 million in November 2004 to develop High Power

Microwave and other directed energy systems while Fiore Industries received a $16.35

million contract for similar technology and ITT received a $7.85 million contract for the

same in 2000. Fiore Industries received a $7.1 million for High Power Microwave

Research and Experiment Program as early as 1994 and the same year Hughes Missile

Systems Company received a $6.6 million contract for High Power Microwave

Suppression of Enemy Air Defense Technology. Lockheed Martin secured a deal with

DARPA in 2005 to continue the development of the Space Based Radar Antenna

Technology in a $19.5 million contract. According to the Lockheed press release, the

technology “could significantly increase global persistent surveillance coverage”.

In May of 2006, the Air Force issued $24 million in contracts for “Electro Magnetic

Effects Research and Development” to Northrup Gruman, Voss Scientific, Lockheed

Martin, Electro Magnetic Applications, and SAIC among others. The DOD viewed

electromagnetic research and development as a key component in future wars as early as

the 1990s. Emmett Paige Jr., Assistant Secretary of Defense for Command, Control,

Communications and Intelligence declared in 1996 that, “Well over a decade ago, a

Soviet general reportedly said something like ‘to prevail in the next conflict, one must

control the electromagnetic spectrum.’ That statement proved true in the Bacca Valley

and on deserts in Iraq. The Department of Defense is committed to ensuring that "in the

next conflict it is we who will control the spectrum. We know its value’. Increasingly, the

value of non lethal weapons continues to rise as they produce fewer images of death in

the media than traditional weapons.”

In addition to DOD contractors, the realm of non-lethal weapons extends into the

universities with millions of dollars in scholarships and research fellowships.

Pennsylvania State University, sponsors the Institute for Non-Lethal Defense

Technologies (INLDT), the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey has the

Stress and Motivated Behavior Institute, University of New Hampshire houses the Non-

lethal Technology Innovation Center, and many US military schools have classes directly

related to non-lethal weapons technology. There are also numerous conferences each year

hosted by the Department of Defense, contractors and universities. The business of non-

lethal weapons is expanding and will continue to grow. In 2006, the Joint Non-Lethal

Weapons Directorate received $43.9 million compared to $25.8 million in 2000.

Page 32

Ionatron’s website states that, “…the market for new directed-energy applications (will

increase to $12.7 billion over the next ten years for the defense market alone.”

Despite Clinton’s reforms on human testing, the government, military and the corporation

will undoubtedly want to test these weapons on humans whenever possible. Easiest to test

would be prisoners in undisclosed CIA detention centers, civilians in war torn regions,

and even US citizens in protest crowds or civilian jails. In addition to the rubber bullets

and pepper spray, which are common in many police forces, new concept weapons are

also in use. Perhaps soon Americans will learn first-hand, the effects of the new human

control technologies.

However, hundreds of people continue to assert that a person or persons, whom they do

not know, have been targeting them with electromagnetic weapons in a widespread

campaign of either illegal experimentation or outright persecution.

These experiences involved a number of discrete phenomena:

Hearing voices when no one was present.

Feeling sensations of burning, itching, tickling, or pressure with no apparent physical


Sleeplessness and anxiety as a result of “humming” or “buzzing”.

Loss of bodily control, such as twitching or jerking of an arm or leg suddenly and without


Unexpected emotional states, such as a sudden overwhelming feeling of dread, rage, lust

or sorrow that passes as quickly as it arises.

The levels of research on directed energy is now large enough to support a Directed

Energy (DE) Professional Society made up of private contractors and Department of

Defense officials with security clearances. They have been holding high security

symposiums since spring 2001 including a planned meeting set for March 2007. The

following is from the Directed Energy Professional Society’s website.

“The Directed Energy (DE) Systems Symposium (March 2007) will focus on systems

aspects of DE in a limited-attendance environment. The Systems Symposium consists of

co-located technical sessions organized by five separate conferences, with joint technical

and plenary sessions to encourage discussion outside narrow technical limits. Attendance

at all sessions is limited to US citizens with classified visit requests on file.

Symposium Highlights

Beam Control Conference

Directed Energy Modeling and Simulation Conference

Employment of Directed Energy Weapons Conference

Page 33

High Energy Laser Lethality Conference

High Power Microwave Systems and Effects Conference”

The following are three course descriptions from the October Directed Energy


Course 9.†Military Utility Analysis for DE (Direct Energy) Systems

Classification: Secret

Course Description: This course will provide an overview of military worth analysis for

DE weapon systems. The course will include a description of four areas of systems

engineering assessment that are brought together to form military worth analysis. These

are: 1) weapon system concept performance trade studies, 2) target vulnerability

assessment, 3) engagement-level system operational effectiveness assessment, and 4) war

gaming and mission/campaign level analysis. Each of these areas will be covered during

the short course, with emphasis on the elements that are drawn from each of these areas

to support military worth analysis. The course will particularly emphasize methods for

assessing system level effectiveness in the context of traditional weapon effectiveness

tools such as the Joint Munitions Effectiveness Manuals (JMEMs) and for providing data

on DE weapons effectiveness to mission and campaign level analysis tools and to models

and simulations used to support war gaming.

Topics to be covered include:

Definition of military worth analysis

Elements of DE weapon system performance trade studies and how they feed military

worth analysis

Target vulnerability assessment and its use to support weapon effectiveness

Adapting standard weapon "kill" criteria to measure benefit of DE effects

Joint Munitions Effectiveness Manuals (JMEMs) weapon effectiveness models

Military utility studies

Modeling and simulation to support war games and war fighter exercises

Mission and campaign level modeling

Course 10. Laser Lethality

Classification: Secret

Course Description: This course reviews laser material interactions over parameter ranges

of interest for weapons applications. Fundamental considerations of the optical coupling

of the laser energy into the material will be presented. This will be followed by physics-

based treatments of the response of metals, organic-based materials, and ceramics to the

laser irradiation.

Metals: Simple cw, one-dimensional treatments will be utilized to illustrate the general

Page 34

principles of the response of metals to laser radiation, but two-dimensional cases, phase

changes, and pulsed effects will be discussed as well.

Organic Based Materials: The effects of high-energy laser (HEL) radiation on organic

based materials, including fiber reinforced composites, plastics and coatings will be

reviewed. Materials will range from char formers and charring ablators to clean ablators.

The relationship between the pyrolysis processes taking place in various materials during

HEL radiation will be reviewed as a function of material composition, form and structure.

Ceramic Materials: Considerations of the response of ceramic shapes when laser loading

is added to in-service stresses will be presented. An understanding of these responses

from models, which are based on a combination of the thermo-mechanical stress

calculations and statistically based fracture initiation, will be presented.

Course 11.†Directed Energy Bioeffects

Classification: Secret

Course Description and Topics: This course will introduce the basics of the biological

effects of Directed Energy on cells, tissues, organisms, and humans, with particular

emphasis on the influence of such effects on the development of use of Directed-Energy-

Emitting technologies.

The student will learn about the mechanisms, resulting damage, and mission impact of

laser-tissue interaction. The student will learn what tissues are most susceptible to laser

damage based on wavelength, exposure duration, and irradiance. The potential mission-

impact of sub0-threshold, threshold, and suprathreshold exposures will be discussed.

Student will understand the nature of RF bioeffects research, including human/animal

studies, modeling and simulation, and biotechnology approaches. Students will become

familiar with current state of knowledge on potential health effects RF, such as cancer,

memory loss, and birth defects. Students will become familiar with basis and structure of

current RF safety standards, comparison between competing standards, and how RF

safety standards are applied. Students will be instructed on common RF measurement

equipment and important factors for investigating potential RF overexposures.

Topics to be covered include:

Laser damage of the eye (retina and cornea)

Laser damage to the skin

Laser safety standards

Laser damage as a function of energy, pulse duration, wavelength, and spot size

RF bioeffects research and the current scientific consensus on RF hazards

RF safety standards

RF measurement basics

Investigating RF overexposures”

Page 35

The US Joint Non-Lethal Weapons Directorate released a paper in 2004, which presents

“Crowd Control Modeling and Simulation.” This report discusses behavioral changes

human populations. That the Department of Defense calls for new weapons systems

designed to work on the psychological underpinnings of a population should give human

rights activists great cause for alarm. The use of electromagnetic weapons to alter the

emotional state, hamper the ability of an enemy or US citizens, to think clearly, and result

in chaos and pain are morally problematic for a number of reasons:

1. Creating fear, anxiety confusion and irrational behavior within an individual or a

population is counterproductive to the operations of a free society and to the execution of

warfare. Chaos only breeds the need for greater and greater means of physical repression;

irrational behavior is by definition unpredictable and as such provides significant

difficulty when the task is to secure an area.

2. These weapons leave no tell tale clues. There are no bullet holes or gross damage (with

the exception of those designed to maim, burn or explode targets).

3. They are operated from a great distance, meaning that the operator has no feedback as

to the effects of his or her actions. This provides us with a very dangerous circumstance

very similar to Millgram's experiment where we can predict with certainty gross abuses

of power.

4. Any device that invades a persons mind, either through induction of “evoked

potentials” through electromagnetic means or through the various “crazy-making” tactics

employed in both information warfare and psychological operations is a violation of

human rights and cognitive liberty.

In terms of authorizing and administering tests of radioactive substances and other tests

on unsuspecting members of the public, history shows that people without ethical

standards can rise to positions of great responsibility and once ensconced in such

positions of trust, produce the most horrifying abuses without fear of reprisal. When

layers of secrecy overlay the activities of otherwise rational and intelligent men, the

failings of their hearts more readily show. In the case of actually attempting to control

human behavior through both overt and covert means our departments of defense and

intelligence agencies, both subordinate to the executive branch of government have

historically proven incapable of protecting the public and undeserving of the trust given

them to perform their functions for the public good.

Total Surveillance: Cognitive Liberties vs. National Security

Today the US and the U.K. are becoming total surveillance societies in the name of

national security. London, like cities across the US, is equipped with cameras citywide.

Daily human actions are recorded with video and voice recognition device, while our

email and computer usage is monitored. Increased demand for resources, the erosion of

middle classes, war, poverty, and environmental disasters are historically factors leading

Page 36

to social uprisings and infiltration of political borders. As governments reinforce the

threat of terror, people increasingly turn to their governments for protection.

The US has a long history of human rights violations through harassment, telephone

tapping, video surveillance, behavior manipulation, torture, drug-induced states of

conscience and psychological control. Congress’s passage of the Military Commission

Act of 2006 put universal human rights outside the scope of US policy. Today, the US

government is using the most technologically advanced forms of surveillance and control,

along with the propaganda of fear and intimidation against its citizens. The US engages

in covert torture, covert imprisonment, increased censorship and the massive secret

classification of government documents.

A prominent neuroscientist, Francis Crick stated in 1994, that “your joys and your

sorrows, your memories and your ambitions, your sense of personal identity and free will,

are in fact no more than the behavior of a vast assembly of nerve cells and their

associated molecules.”

Is it possible that today’s scientists in the employ of the US neo-conservative global-

dominance policy elites believe the same? According to Steven Rose, there are, “bad

hats” in neuroscience: “There are always opportunists. The current affairs of our country

have produced many.” The abundance of neuro-research has led to the development of

several products by private business in the name of national security, including brain


John Norseen, a neuroscientist interested in Biofusion, the relationship between humans

and computers, says, “If this research pans out you can begin to manipulate what

someone is thinking even before they know it.” Norseen says he is agnostic on the moral

ramifications of this research. He feels that he is not a “mad” scientist - just a dedicated

one. “The ethics don’t concern me,” he says, “but they should concern someone else.”

We, the authors of this report, contend that human ethics should concern every person

who believes in human rights and desires control over their own mind and body. Our

brains control our bodies, actions, and thought processes. If the government and the

scientists they employ perceive that the human mind as simply a collection of neurons, it

then becomes possible to justify the surveillance of the human mind and body for

national security purposes.

The control and manipulation of a human brain is a terrifying possibility. Lieutenant

Colonel Timothy L. Thomas, US Army (ret), published an article in the military journal

Parameters, which likens the mind as a new battlefield. He quotes a Russian army major

in relation to mind wars, “It is completely clear that the state which is first to create such

weapons will achieve incomparable superiority." Thomas expresses concern about

“information dominance” though he stops short on the moral implications.

Under the cover of secrecy provided by claims of national security, researchers in service

to higher circle policy elites have implanted electrodes into human subjects to control

minds and tortured prisoners and the mentally ill in efforts to find better “brainwashing”

Page 37

techniques. They have poisoned thousands with atomic testing, experimented on young

children using drugs, trauma and hypnosis, sprayed major cities with biological agents to

prepare for a future attack, overthrown governments, instituted mass killings, and

engaged in every form of information distortion.

The current “War on Terror” has revealed to the public some of the tools that the military

has been developing for decades. High profile weapons systems flash across the nightly

reports of the major news networks, including highflying Stealth bombers on grainy

green tinted video from the noses of “smart” bombs. On occasion glimpses are given

through the media of what one article dubbed “Wonder Weapons.” Weapons that fall

under the military category of “Non-Lethal Weapons.” In fact the general position of the

agencies who do comment on weapons that exploit the lower end of the electromagnetic

spectrum is that they have no biological effect at all, except for what are dubbed “thermal

effects,” in essence heating of human cells.

Research into this subject has shown that this position is inaccurate, and that the effects

of electromagnetic radiation weapons on human beings are in fact both chilling and

dramatic. As reported in 2001, the statement of Dr. Eldon Byrd should be considered

with great weight:

“A medical engineer, Eldon Byrd, reported a case that illustrates this

point. After working on the Polaris submarine, which carried long-range

nuclear weapons, Byrd developed non-lethal weapons with reversible

effects. He regarded this as a humanitarian alternative to ‘punching holes

in people and having their blood leak out’ in battle. His inventions used

magnetic fields at biologically active wave frequencies to affect brain

function. Byrd could put animals to sleep at a distance and influence their

movements. When the success of his research became evident, suddenly

he was pulled off the project and it went "black." His believes the

electromagnetic resonance weapons he developed have been used for

psychological control of civilians rather than for exigencies in battle. That

is, to ensure his participation, he was uninformed about the true nature of

the project. Byrd’s case also illustrates how morally tolerable operations

may transition to morally intolerable operations, or at least rise above the

atrocity line”

Power elites, who fund and support efforts at supplanting the will of the people, do so

from on high. Their ability to redirect public attention to ward external threats and away

from their own motivations in effect silences opposition to their programs. By controlling

the flow of information in society, the power elites provide the public with a limited

choice in all matters that pertain to machinations of government and corporate control.

Given more advanced technologies for the control of information unscrupulous

individuals who ascribe to a “might makes right” philosophy may will find the ways and

means of employing these technologies against those who would oppose their plans. The

dangers here are great, in that the individual who would direct the torture and killing of

innocents is usually removed from the actual fact. It is left up to lesser authorities to

Page 38

administer the beatings, bullets, and mind/body bending technologies.

For the US Government to unilaterally declare that our country will not comply with

international human rights laws, nor uphold the core values of our nation’s foundation is

an indication of extremism that supersedes the values and beliefs of the American people.

When such extremism exists we need to take seriously the founders’ declaration that, “ to

secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers

from the consent of the governed, — That whenever any Form of Government becomes

destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to

institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its

powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and

Happiness.” (Declaration of Independence 1776)



Peter Phillips is a Professor of Sociology at Sonoma State University and Director of

Project Censored. Principle researchers on this report were Lew Brown and Bridget

Thornton. Lew Brown holds a degree in Psychology and was the main writer and

researcher on the historical sections of this paper. Bridget Thornton is a senior level

History major at Sonoma State University and the primary researcher and writer for the

new EMF technologies portion. Final editing was completed by Trish Boreta with Project

Censored. Special thanks to Andy Roth Ph.D. for his editorial review.

Appendix A



Angelic Harp Foundation

2219 Lexford LN.

Houston, Texas 77080-5216


Fax: 713-461-0091

Center for Cognitive Liberty and Ethics

P.O. Box 73481

Davis, CA 95617-3481 USA

Fax: 205. 449. 3119


Committee on the Public Understanding of Science

The Royal Society

6-9 Carlton House Terrace



Page 39

United Kingdom

Fax +44 (0)20 7839 5561

Federation of American Scientists

1717 K St., NW Suite 209

Washington, DC 20036

Voice: (202)546-3300

Fax: (202)675-1010

The Lay Institute

Nick Begich, Executive Director

Dallas, Texas

Mind Justice

Cheryl Welsh, Executive Director


The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute


9 SE-169 70

Solna Sweden

Phone: +46-8-655 97 00

Fax: +46-8-655 97 33


Sunshine Project Germany

The Sunshine Project

Scheplerstrasse 78

22767 Hamburg


Phone: +49 40 431 88 001

Fax: +49 40 67 50 39 88

Sunshine Project USA

PO Box 41987

Austin TX 78704


Phone/Fax: +1 512 494 0545

World Transhumanist Association

PO Box 128

Willington CT 06279 USA

Page 40

Additional References

Acoustic Weapons - A Perspective

Jurgen Altmann

Science and Global Security, Vol. 9, pp. 165-234

Taylor and Francis, 2001

The Body Electric

Robert Becker, Gary Selden

Harper Paperbacks; 1st Quill edition (August 5, 1998)

Bradford Non-Lethal Weapons Research Project

Research Report #8

Neil Davison, Nick Lewer, March 2006

Controlling the Human Mind

Nick Begich

Earthpulse Press, 2006

Human Network Attacks

Timothy L. Thomas

Military Review, September-October 1999

Foreign Military Studies Office, Fort Leavenworth, KS.

Epidemiologic data on American personnel in the Moscow Embassy

Pollack H.

Bull N Y Acad Med.

1979 Dec;55(11):1182-6.

High Power Microwaves: Strategic and Operational Implications for Warfare

Eileen M. Walling, Col, USAF, Feb 2000, Occasional Paper NO 11

Center for Strategy and Technology, Air War College, Air University, Maxwell AFB,


Hypno Politics and Hyper State Control Law Entrainment and the Symbolic Order

Konrad Becker, May 1997

Introducing Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and its Property of Causal

Inference in Investigation Brain-Function Relationships

Dennis J. L. G. Schutter, Jack Van Honk and Jaak Panksepp

Journal of Cognitive Liberties

Page 41

Center for Cognitive Liberties and Ethics

The Mind Has No Firewall”

Parameters, spring 1998, pp. 84-92.

Timothy L. Thomas

The Politics and Costs of Postmodern War in the Age of Bush II

Douglas Kellner, UCLA

“Quiet Transformation: The Role of the Office of Net Assessment”

The National Security Strategy Process, May 2, 2003

National Defense University

National War College, CDR Debra O’Maddrell

Therapeutic Application of repetitive Tran cranial magnetic stimulation: A Review

Eric M. Wasserman and Sarah H. Lasanby

Elsevier, April 27, 2001

Magnetic Stimulation: An Introduction”

by Grant Balfour

v1.0 - May 6, 2002

A Validation Methodology for Human Behavior Representation Models

Authors: Simon R. Goerger; Michael L. McGinnis; Rudolph P. Darken

Military Academy West Point, NY, Dept. of System Engineering

by Robert J. Bunker